Reducing the Over-Referral of Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students (CLD) for Language Disabilities (NABE Journal of Research and Practice, 2:1 Winter 2004) This paper presents a conceptual framework for preventing the inappropriate referral of culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) students for language disability related services. When general education teachers mistake second-language acquisition-associated phenomena (SLAAP) for language disabilities, it starts a referral process that can lead to inappropriate placement. This paper provides suggestions and strategies and advocates for teachers to be trained to accommodate CLD students appropriately.
Rethinking Policies and Procedures for Placing English Language Learners in Mathematics (NABE Journal of Research and Practice, 2:1 Winter 2004) This study investigates the successes and challenges educators and parents encountered when placing ELLs in middle school mathematics, and also analyzes policies and procedures implemented by a school. It explores contradictions between school distric policies and procedures followed by the school.