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POS 1010: Introduction to Political Science (3 cr.)
This course is intended to serve as an introduction to the major branches of political analysis: Comparative Politics, Inter-national Relations, Political Theory, and American Politics. Students are introduced to the basic concepts and processes of Political Science including: political socialization, ideology, foreign policy, the distinction between a two-party and multi-party system of government, development, and political economy. (Fall) (Spring)

POS 3001/ 3096: Honors Seminar I & II (each 3 cr.)
A year-long capstone seminar for invited seniors (based on academic performance in the major), this is an intensive survey of the primary topics studied in political science - from political philosophy to American and/or comparative political institutions and development. Strong emphasis is placed on the writing of critical essays. (Fall) (Spring)

American Government, Politics, and Policy

POS 1031: Introduction to American Government (3 cr.)
This course will survey the basic institutions of the American political system, with emphasis on Congress, the Presidency and the courts, and a detailed analysis of the Bill of Rights. It will analyze recent changes to show how the American political system functions in the ―media age. (Fall) (Spring)

POS 2013: Women and Politics (3 cr.)
This course will acquaint students with theoretical as well as empirical analyses of the role of women in the political system. One of the main areas of emphasis is the relationship between women's roles in the ―private sphere, and their integration into the ―public sphere. Special attention will be given to women's lobbying groups and political participation, as well as voting patterns (―gender gap). The impact of the feminist movement in the United States and its effect on women's political consciousness, discourse, and political action will be addressed in considerable detail. (Fall)

POS 2031: Presidential Elections (3 cr.)
An in-depth and hands-on study of the presidential election campaign. An analysis of the campaign nomination process, political conventions, political advertising, presidential debates. The role of the Electoral College and the Supreme Court will also be studied in light of the events of the 2000 Presidential election. The impact of PAC's (political action committees and so-called issue-ads) will be given a major focus. An analysis of the Campaign Finance Reform and the FEC (Federal Election Commission) will also be a focus of this course. Offered every four years during Presidential Election Cycle.

POS 2033: Interest Groups and Social Movements (3 cr.)
This course will study the political dynamics of social movements including: the sources of social movements, the process of mobilization, the rise of counter-movements and the relationship that exists among social movements, political parties and interest groups. The course will focus on major U.S. movements including: the peace (anti-war) movement, the civil rights movement, the environment movement, the labor movement and the feminist movement. (Fall)

POS 2038: American Presidency (3 cr.)
Trends and shifts in the American Presidency — Imperial vs. Diminished, Foreign vs. Domestic, Mythic vs. Real — ill be analyzed. The modern campaign and nominating and election processes will be considered with particular emphasis on the changes in these processes brought about by the electronic media. The President's interaction with Congress and use of political capital and persuasion will be studied in order to understand the dynamic and changing nature of Presidential politics. Lastly, Presidential roles and responsibilities, both formal and informal, will be analyzed to gain a further understanding of the complexities involved in decision making in the development of public policy.

POS 3007: Religion and Politics (3 cr.)

This course will examine the relationship between religion and politics from the perspective of the politics of mass movements. It will pay particular attention to the role played by religion in the formation of political culture, the formulation and direction of public policy, the pace and scope of modernization and the distribution of social and economic resources. The course will also seek to outline the essential aspects of the relationship between religion and politics itself. This theoretical component of the course will be informed by historical and philosophical analysis; it will focus on the paradigm offered by the Greek Tragedian Aeschylus in his work, the Orestia. We will also consider the philosophical tension that exists between competing ideals of the democratic state and perhaps ideology. More importantly, we will look at what this says about the role of religion in shaping political ideology. (Fall)

POS 3012: Environmental Politics (3cr).
This course will examine several critical debates within the area of environmental politics. Issues concerning the needs of advanced industrial societies and those of the environment, environmental ethics, environmental activism, environmental protection and environmental regulation will be surveyed. The importance of environmental movements, how they are formed and whose interests are served by them will be examined in detail. Grass roots environmental movements will be studied, along with established environmental organizations, to determine the variety of resources open to those interested in environmental politics. Theories of environmental politics will be studied to provide a background and context for the on-going debates regarding ―rights and the ―environment. Power relations between advanced industrialized nations and developing nations will be examined in order to identify areas of commonality as well as those are contested. (Spring)

POS 3067: Politics and Passion: Women and the 21st Century (3 cr.)

This course will explore many of the cutting edge issues facing women today. Is it still possible, today, to speak of women and politics, or does the evolving political agenda require an even more complex approach to coalition politics? How will issues such as reproductive rights, violence against women, emerging technological changes (pornography in cyberspace), work place issues, sexual harassment be formulated and addressed in the 21st century. Ethical issues raised by advancing technologies, especially in the area of the politics of reproduction will be covered, as well as trends and shifts in affirmative action programs. The course will also address generational changes concerning women in public office and labor union activity. (Fall )

POS 3070: State and Local Government (3 cr.)
After a lifetime of public life, Tip O'Neil, Speaker of the House of Representatives, noted that ―all politics is local. With New York serving as a backdrop, the course will probe the network of local ties - formal and informal - which bind political actors and communities together. It will consider the financing and function of state, county, and municipal governments. It will review polling and survey techniques and how they can be used in the study of state and local government. (Fall)

POS 3081: The Public Policy of Science and Technology(3 cr.)
This course will examine the details of the public policy process as it relates to science and technology. Important debates, and the values that inform them, will be explored with a view toward understanding politics as a value allocation process. Issues covered will include cloning, DNA research, artificial intelligence, the development and prescribing of psycho-pharmaceutical medications, and the issues surrounding weapons procurement and development. Research Paper is required. (Spring)

International and Comparative Politics

POS 1037: International Politics I (Principles) (3 cr.)
The aim of this course is to familiarize students with the basic ideas or concepts that are used in discussing, or analyzing, international politics. Following a rapid reviewof the history of international relations, especially since 1900, the course takes students through the three major contending schools of analysis (Realism, Liberalism, Marxism) before discussing the structure of international relations that involves the United Nations, international political economy, diplomacy and non-governmental actors. (Fall)

POS 1038: International Politics II (Problems) (3 cr.)
The focus of this course is on critical economic, social and political challenges facing the world community in the 21st- century. Among the topics considered are: environmental issues, nuclear proliferation, nationalism, culture wars, global trade and finance, communications and Internet revolution, poverty and development, gender issues and human rights. Through individual research and class discussion, students will learn the dynamics in which these issues are related to international politics and their relevance to the question of war and peace. (Spring)

POS 2006: Comparative Politics II: Non-western (3cr)
A study of select non-western Asian countries, now home to the most dynamic economic growth under the impact of globalization. This course takes students through the political developments of the three major countries of the region (China, India, and Japan) and three other smaller ones (Korea, Vietnam and Indonesia), from their traditional setting to the modern world. Emphasis is placed on the diverse paths they have taken toward modernization and their varying degrees of success in evolving representative political systems based on democratic ideals; the political and social problems they have had as they push forward for accelerated economic growth; and their regional cooperation within the framework of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and with the outside world, in the larger context of Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC). (Spring)

POS 2011: Comparative Politics I: Western (3 cr.).
An introduction to comparative governments and politics, designed to acquaint students with the political cultures, the institutional arrangements and workings of the governments and political processes in major countries in Europe and other parts of the world with strong historic and cultural ties to Europe (e.g. Latin American and Africa). Students acquire a comparative perspective while studying industrialized democracies and the political development of developing countries in what used to be called the Third World. This course is highly recommended for students interested in building their ―Global Awareness portfolio. (Fall)

POS 2022: Government and Politics of the Middle East (3 cr.)
After considering the geography, religion and history of the region, the course will cover the government and politics of the major countries and the Arab-Israeli conflict, including the role of the United States and other powers. (Spring)

POS 2042: Model U.N. (3 cr.)
Students sign up for this course during the fall semester and prepare for participation in the Harvard National Model UN that meets for three days in February of the following year. They will represent a country in various committees, for which they each write a set of two position papers, to be completed before the end of the Fall semester. (Fall)

POS 2051: Law and Politics of International Trade (3 cr.)
A study of the global trade regime set against the recurring conflicts between free trade and protectionist forces. It focuses on the extension of the principles of liberal trade in goods and services world-wide and its outcome-the growth of rule-oriented international trade practices based on mostfavored- nation treatment and national treatment. Included topics are: the barriers to free trade, tariff and non-tariff, the dispute settlement procedure under the WTO, the emergence of new protectionist tendencies in Europe and the Western Hemisphere. Students learn the legal framework of the WTO, economic policies of major trading nations, and the status of the developing and former communist countries within the WTO and the impact of the Organization on the political and economic development of these countries. (Fall)

POS 2058: Latin American Politics (3 cr.)
An historical analysis of the last century of Latin American development. The central theme is the relationship between Latin America and the industrialized world and the way in which international policies are constructed to insure the  continuation of Latin American dependency. Students will consider the problem agrarian societies confront when forced to industrialize, and the sometimes violent political solutions that are imposed as a consequence. (Spring)

POS 2072: International Law (3 cr.)
This course introduces students to the principles and rules of international law—the normative aspects of international relations that serve as a foundation of world peace. Emphasis is placed on the historical and political context in which international law has evolved, and on the analysis of law itself. The subject matter of the course includes: state sovereignty, state jurisdiction, the roles of international organizations, nationality, the position of individuals and trans-national actors (e.g. multinational corporations) under international law, the protection of human rights, the law of war and war crimes, the protection of the environment and rule-oriented international trade. Legal Studies and Criminal Law concentrators and minors are encouraged to take this course as one of their electives. (Spring)

POS 3097: African Politics (3 cr.)
This course focuses contemporary politics in continental Africa including: theoretical debates on methodology and contending definitions. It includes case studies of selected African countries with a focus on intricate webs of social relations, political struggles and change, political economy, international relations, colonialism and neo-colonialism.

POS 3035: American Foreign Policy (3 cr.)
The course will study the formation and execution of American foreign policy, including the institutions involved (Presidency, Congress, State Department, Foreign Service, C.I.A., etc.), and the role of domestic political considerations, particularly interest groups. There will also be a survey of U.S. foreign policy since World War II and the roles played by the various forces indicated above.

POS 3093: The United States as a Pacific Power (3 cr.)
This seminar examines the conduct of United States foreign policy in East Asia, in the new alignment of powers due to the emergence of China as a dominant player. The inquiry will include on the changing nature of US economic, strategic and political interests in the region, the changing political relations of regional powers among themselves and with the United States and the changes in the regional balance of power.

POS 3098: Africa in World Politics (3 cr.)
This course focuses on the foreign policies of major African states: their relationships with industrialized countries in Western Europe and North America; their relationships with other developing countries in the Third World; their intra-regional conflicts; and their participation in global affairs through the United Nations and its specialized agencies for the promotion of human rights, economic and social development of the third World nations.

POS 3108: Search for Peace (3 cr.)
In our times wars are fought to an inconclusive end; consequently they tend to go on and on. What are the problems? Should they be allowed to go on without ending in peace? What can be done to bring about peace in a wartorn country? These are some of the questions this seminar will address. Starting with an examination of how a war did come to an end (World War I, World War II, the Vietnam War) the inquiry will take students through various theoretical perspectives (Realist, Liberal and Socialist) on war and peace and apply the insights gained from the study to the current problem areas: Palestine, Iraq, Afghanistan, Iran and Korea. (Spring)

POS 3117: War and Human Rights: The Geneva Conventions (3 cr.)
Modern wars tend to produce catastrophic consequences in terms of the loss of human lives on a massive scale. This underscores the need to regulate the conduct of war through International Humanitarian Law to protect individuals and their basic human rights. This seminar is devoted to a study of IHL, in particular, the Geneva Conventions: its evolution, implementation and enforcement through national legislations and judicial proceedings at the national and international level. We will revisit some of the notorious cases involving war crimes committed during the Vietnam War, the Balkan Wars, the Rwanda massacre and the current ―War on Terror, and review the achievements of the International Criminal Courts.

POS 4050A: Academic Conference: Model UN, Preparation (3 cr.)
This course prepares students for participation in the annual international model UN competition at Harvard University. The preparation includes a study of the United Nations and its committees; practice in multilateral negotiations; a simulated environment of the UN in which students represent different member states; skills in drafting position papers, working papers, committee resolutions, and parliamentary procedure. The instructor's permission is required to sign up for this course. (Fall)

POS 4050B: Academic Conference: Model UN, Participation (1.5 cr.)
Students who sign up for this course (with the instructor's permission) are assigned to a member state which they will represent at the HNMUN. They study the country, and with the help of the study guides put out by the NHMUN, work up position papers on the global issues that will come up for deliberation at their committee, which will be shared among all the delegates at the model UN. In February students go to Boston and participate in the four-day annual Model UN session. (Spring)

Legal Studies, Criminal Law, and Political Thought

POS 1008: Introduction to Law (3 cr.)
Recommended for students who are not concentrating or minoring in Legal Studies or Criminal Law, this course provides a broad overview of the American legal  system. (Fall) (Spring)

POS 2003: Introduction to Political Thought (3 cr.)
A study of ideas about such topics as government, law, society, economics, religion, war, and peace, in the writings of great political thinkers, poets, historians, philosophers, and statesmen in the western tradition such as Homer, Herodotus, Thucydides, Plato, Aristotle, Polybius, Cicero, St. Augustine, St. Thomas Aquinas, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Marcuse, Sartre, and Marx. Emphasis will be placed on the historical context in which these individuals wrote and on the relevance of their contributions to modern thinking and debate, especially about law and government. More than one section of this course is offered. In one section, emphasis is on the classical and early modern tradition, from Plato to Rousseau. In some other sections, depending on the instructor's choice, emphasis will be on contemporary theories including Feminist writings. (Fall) (Spring)

POS 2004: Constitutional Law (3 cr.)
This course surveys American constitutional development from the formative era of the framing of the Constitution in 1787 to today. Emphasis is placed on famous opinions of the U.S. Supreme Court, especially in the areas of separation of powers and states' rights. Attention is given to power struggles between Presidents and Justices, as well as to the important political and social changes in American history and how those changes have influenced and been influenced by changes in the interpretation of the Constitution. At selected dates in the course, students playing the roles of lawyers in famous cases will deliver short oral arguments to the class. Required for all Legal Studies concentrators and minors. Criminal Law minors and concentrators must take either Civil Liberties or this course. (Fall)

POS 2006: Law and Property (3 cr.)
What is property? What are my legal rights if I buy or sell a house, rent an apartment, or leave my possessions to my children in my will? This course will focus on one of the most important areas of American law – the law of property. Topics will include the legal rights of owners, buyers, and sellers of real estate, and the duties and liabilities of landlords and tenants. The course will include a mock trial or other courtroom-simulation exercises. It is ideal for students considering law school and for those who want to learn more about law and/or the rights of property owners. Satisfies Private Law requirement for Legal Studies and Criminal Law. (Spring).

POS 2007: Constitutional Issues and America's Legal Heritage (3 cr.) Where did our ideas about limited government and freedom come from? Why do we now take it for granted that the President cannot make law without Congress and that, if the President tries to do so, he can be impeached? Why do we assume that the Supreme Court should have the power to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional? Is there a duty to obey unjust laws? This course provides an overview of some of the constitutional ideas and traditions that influenced the framers of the American Constitution. Emphasis is placed on ideas about law and constitutions in the political thought of ancient Greece and Rome, and on the development of the English Constitution, from early medieval times, through the Tudor era and the constitutional crisis of the English Civil War, and through the era of Hobbes, Locke, and Blackstone. Satisfies Perspective requirement for both Legal Studies and Criminal Law.

POS 2012: Issues in Family Law and Administration of Justice (3 cr.)
This course probes both the law and the court system, which are being transformed as a consequence of the increasing demands of family issues. Equity settlements, rights of spouses, rights of parents and children are among the topics considered. Special attention is given to the day-to-day operation of the family courts.

POS 2014: Practical Approaches to Business Law (3 cr.)
This course will examine the functioning of the legal system and the legal relationships a citizen is likely to encounter in business, consumer, and personal activities. Emphasis will be placed on the judicial system, contracts, sales, business organizations, estate planning, wills, and real estate transactions. Readings will include cases and other legal materials. Satisfies Private Law requirement for Legal Studies and Criminal Law. (Fall)

POS 2019: Civil Liberties (3 cr.)
This course is a survey of the Supreme Court's decisions and judicial policies with respect to the First and Fourteenth Amendments. Emphasis will be placed on freedom of speech and religion, due process, and equal protection of the law. Most reading will be in Supreme Court opinions, but attention will be given to the historical development of civil liberties in America, to the roles of the Supreme Court and the Presidency in protecting those liberties, and to the impact of debates about civil liberties on presidential politics and the evolution of public policy, and to ideas about rights and courts.. At selected dates, students playing the parts of lawyers will deliver short oral arguments to the class on famous cases from the reading. Required for all Legal Studies concentrators and minors. Criminal Law concentrators and minors must take either Constitutional Law or this course. (Spring)

POS 2024: Criminal Procedure (3 cr.)
This course is a survey of the constitutional rights we enjoy when we are stopped, arrested, searched, or questioned by the police. Emphasis is placed on Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Amendment rights (search and seizure, coerced confessions, right to counsel, entrapment, wiretapping, and due process) and on close reading of Supreme Court opinions. At the end of the course, students playing the roles of lawyers will deliver short oral arguments to the class. Required for Criminal Law concentrators and minors. Legal Studies concentrators and minors must take either Criminal Law or this course. (Fall)

POS 2087: Introduction to Common Law: Writing and Analysis (3 cr.)
This course provides an overview of many different areas of law – from the law of property and tort, to aspects of federal jurisdiction and legal ethics. It will introduce students to the court system and fundamentals of court procedure. It will develop and perfect student skills in writing grammatically correct and persuasive essays on legal subjects. The course culminates in a mock trial in which students play the roles of attorneys, defendants, witnesses, and jurors. Required for all Legal Studies and Criminal Law concentrators and minors. If possible, this course should be taken early in the student's course of study. (Fall)

POS 2090: Law and Business Ethics (3 cr.)
Corporate crime is now a familiar item on the daily news. We read and hear stories of business corruption and of conspiracies to violate or evade the law in high places. What are the legal rules on business and ethics? What role do lawyers, judges, and the public play in ensuring that business is responsible, ethical, and fair? This course will examine a number of different issues in the law of business ethics and will consider a variety of legal, political, social, and policy ramifications of the current business ethics debate. Satisfies private law requirement for Legal Studies and Criminal Law. (Spring)

POS 2093: Criminal Law (3 cr.)
This course introduces students to the major crimes and defenses of contemporary American criminal law. Topics include homicide and murder, voluntary and involuntary manslaughter, vehicular homicide, premeditation and intent, the insanity defense, conspiracy, and the death penalty. Attention is given to works of political and social theory on the cause of crime and the purposes of punishment. The course culminates in a mock murder trial in which students play the roles of attorneys, defendants, witnesses, and jurors. Required for Criminal Law concentrators and minors. Legal Studies concentrators/ minors must take Criminal Procedure or this course. (Spring)

POS 2095: The Rights of Crime Victims (3 cr.)
This course reviews the rights of crime victims with an emphasis on women, children, and the handicapped in sex and domestic violence cases from pretrial hearings through trial and sentencing. Orders of protection, use of domestic violence history evidence, and cameras in the court room will also be discussed. (Fall)

POS 3014: Topics in Criminal Law and Procedure (3 cr.)
This seminar will focus on such topics as police searches of homes and cars, vehicular homicide, conspiracy, the insanity defense, the death penalty, the law of murder, and criminal law aspects of the war on terrorism.

POS 3021: Legal Ethics (3 cr.)
This course examines the relationship between ethics and the legal system. It pays special attention to the political context within which this relationship is situated. The course is concerned with such questions as: how are ethical discussions informed by categories such as class, race and gender? Should they be? What is the relationship between law and morals? What are the limits of that relationship, if any? In addition to a comprehensive approach to controversial issues in legal ethics, the course also considers classical readings in the Philosophy of Law. (Fall)

POS 3104: Radical Political Thought (3 cr.) 
This course examines the leading theorists of the radical tradition in political thought and why they continue to exert such lasting influence on politics. It will examine the theoretical foundations of communism, socialism and  anarchism through a detailed reading of original texts.Emphasis will be on the two major developments in contemporary political thought—Critical Theory and Postmodernism, with a focus on two major thinkers in each of these schools of thought, Herbert Marcuse and Michael Foucault. The course will consider: the role of the family in political socialization, political psychology, alienation and the political order, the roots of political violence and the ―postmodern debate‖ in political theory. Effort will be made to develop the skills involved in the study of political   theory – critical thinking and political analysis.

POS 3111: Law and Literature (3 cr.)
This seminar looks at the role of law in great literature of the past. Readings will be drawn from novels, poems, essays, and plays from different eras and countries, including some classical literature of the ancient world, British literature including Shakespeare, American literature, classic detective fiction such as Sherlock Holmes, and the literature of other nations. Satisfies perspective requirement for Legal Studies and Criminal Law. Formerly offered as IDS 3207 and as CSCH 3005.

POS 3112: War, Law, and Presidential Prerogative (3 cr.)
How have past wars changed law and government? After looking at the Presidency and the Constitution today in the war on terror, this seminar turns to antiquity, considering the Persian Wars, the Peloponnesian War, the battles of Alexander the Great, Rome's Punic Wars with Carthage, and Rome's wars of world conquest. It considers the art of war in the writings of Machiavelli and the theme of war and princely prerogative in Shakespeare. It examines the early modern and modern eras in western Europe and America, including England's Civil War, the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleon, the American Revolution and Civil War, and the world wars and nuclear age. Satisfies perspective requirement for Legal Studies and Criminal Law concentrators and minors.

POS 3114: Great Cities, Great Ideas, and Great Law (3 cr.)
This course looks at three great capital cities in history – ancient Athens, ancient Rome, and London – and examines the interplay between law, politics, and culture in those cities at different times in the past. Readings in the history of law, politics, art and architecture, literature, philosophy, and music. Satisfies perspective requirement for Legal Studies and Criminal Law.

POS 3115: Topics in Business Law (3 cr.) This seminar addresses relevant topics in law and business. Issues covered will include such topics as the role of law in creation and financing of corporations and the legal and policy consequences of the U.S. tax code. Satisfies private law requirement for Legal Studies and Criminal Law.

POS 3116: Feminist Political Thought (3 cr.)
This course will examine recent developments in feminist political thought through an analysis of both primary and secondary sources in the feminist theory tradition. Issues to be covered are: the state of the category ―woman, the social construction of gender, the politics of the body and gender, essentialism, identity politics, movement activity, the intersection of race, class and gender, theories of the ―self, nature and the environment.

POS 3119: Law and the Presidency (3 cr.)
This seminar takes an historical look at the American Presidency in relation to the American Constitution and the American system of law. After an introduction on the perils and challenges of the Presidency today, it looks back at the sources of the framers' ideas of executive power – in the writings of state crafters and philosophers like Machiavelli and Locke, and in the experiences the framers had of prerogative power in England and the colonies. It then focuses on the creation of the Presidency in the Constitutional Convention of 1787 and moves on to consider the contributions of several of our Presidents – Washington, Jefferson, Jackson, Lincoln, TR, Wilson, FDR, Truman, Nixon, and Reagan. Emphasis on presidential personality, war powers, presidential elections. Satisfies perspective requirement for Legal Studies and Criminal Law concentrators and minors.