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AFS 3009: History & Culture of Senegambia-Senegal, Gambia, & Cape-Verde (3 cr.)
The course focuses on history and society from local and comparative perspectives.  It will be offered in conjunction with a summer trip to Senegal and the Gambia.  (Spring).

AFS 3011: Afro-Brazilian History and Culture (3 cr.)
The course is linked to a trip to Brazil.  Brazil is the largest South American country and harbors a Black population that is the largest outside of Africa, the second largest after Nigeria, and one that is far greater than that of the US.  The course and the trip will cover the rich history of Blacks in Brazil and their interaction with Europeans and Native Americans. The sites of learning during the trip will be churches, museums, shrines, colleges, theatres, etc.

AFS 3013: African and Eastern Music (3 cr.)
This seminar in world music will introduce students to topics and techniques in ethno-musicology.  After an initial survey of the music cultures of the Pacific basin, the musics of Africa, India, China and Japan will be studied in greater detail.  Students will develop a major project based on one of these music cultures.  A museum visit to study musical instruments will be an important component to the course.  (Spring)

AFS 3014: African-American History (3 cr.)
This course surveys aspects of African-American history from earliest times to the present.  The topics include: the African background; slavery and the trans-Atlantic slave trade; Blacks in the colonial period; the Civil War and reconstruction; Black migrations, civil and social rights struggles; and political and cultural nationalism (Harlem Renaissance, the Civil Rights and Black Power Movements).  (Fall)

AFS 3015: Civil War and Reconstruction (3 cr.)
The issues of the era of the Civil War and Reconstruction will be analyzed from the perspective of military, political, and constitutional history.  The complex role of race in the whole era will be evaluated from slavery to the "Re-union" era about 1890.  (Spring)

AFS 3018: Women, the State and Politics in Africa (3 cr.)
This course examines the formal and informal participation of African women in politics, their interaction with the state and their role in society.  Themes will include: the role of women in pre-colonial African society, women's responses to colonial intervention and rule, African women in the independence struggle, in the post-colonial political economy and the military, and women's contemporary political and social activism.  (Spring)

AFS 3023: Racial Oppression (3 cr.)
This course examines the following aspects of U.S. racism:  the role of racism in advancing reactionary domestic and foreign policies; the impact of social and economic policies on the Black, Hispanic, and Native American communities; the racist features of U.S. policies for Latin America, Africa, the Middle East, and the Far East; and the forms of domestic and international opposition to racism.  (Spring)

AFS 3024: Black Nationalism in the 20th Century (3 cr.)
This course examines ideological and organizational expressions of Black American Nationalism in the 20th century.  Themes to be examined include Black economic nationalism, political nationalism, cultural nationalism, the Harlem Renaissance, political radicalism, religious and cultural nationalism, Pan-Africanism, the Black Power movement, revolutionary nationalism and Black nationalism today.  (Spring)

AFS 3028: The United States and Islam (3 cr.)
Al-Islam, a traditional monotheistic religion, has had a difficult interface with modern pluralistic culture in the United States.  This course explores how this situation came to be.  Particular emphasis will be placed on: early western ideas about Islam; immigration; African American Islam; Middle East politics; the media and the impact of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack.  United States social and foreign policy toward Muslims and Islamic countries are also examined.  (Fall)

AFS 3030: Modern South Africa (3 cr.)
This course surveys the emergence of modern South Africa from the mid-19th century to the present.  Topics include: early African societies; Dutch advent; British colonialism and its consequences; African state formation; the mining and industrial revolutions; the Union; African, Colored, Indian and Afrikaner nationalisms; the emergence of the apartheid system; post-apartheid political, economic and social developments; the varieties of resistance to apartheid up to the release of Mandela and the future of South Africa.  (Fall)

AFS 3032: Malcolm X (3 cr.)
The ideological journey of the man who was born as Malcolm Little and died as El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz is the focus of this course.  The course also explores the political and religious contexts in which Malcolm X developed, as a way of understanding political and religious life in the United States during the 40s, 50s and 60s.  (Spring '06)

AFS 3033: The Religious and Political Ideology of Martin Luther King, Jr.  (3 cr.)
The ideological journey of a man who was a central figure in the Civil Rights movement of the 1960s is the focus of this course.  In particular, this course will examine the socio-cultural context and the theological underpinnings of King’s particular form of non-violent direct action.

AFS 3035: Slavery through History (3 cr.)
The course focuses on slavery in a comparative perspective with a particular emphasis on Africa and the Americas, so students understand the differences while assessing the similarities.  Topics discussed include the economics of slavery, the religious, ideological and political justifications, the ethical and legal considerations, women's status and role, and changes in the systems from within and from without.

AFS 3038: Spanish Caribbean Literature (3 cr.)
Texts from Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, and Cuba are studied with special attention to the relationship of the works to their social and political context, and to the region's history of slavery, colonization and decolonization.  This course also includes literary works from some regions of Venezuela, Columbia and Panama, which share some aspects of Caribbean culture and history.

AFS 3041: Harlem Renaissance (3 cr.)
The course discusses the social, economic, cultural and literary significance of the New Negro Movement of the Harlem Renaissance from 1919 to 1929 and the impact it had on the self-defining of black people and the establishment of twentieth century Pan-Africanism.  (Fall)

AFS 3045: The Art of Reading Latin American Poetry (3 cr.)
In this course focused on Latin America, students explore what is a poem and what are the appropriate ways of reading Latin American poets.  Classes begin with a review of the technical devices of poetry, rhythm and metrics, imagery and language, and move on to explore a poem as the rhythmic revelation of intuitive truth.  Major works written by such poets as Gabriela Mistral, Octavio Paz, Claribel Alegria, Luis Pales Matos, Gioconda Belli, Cesar Vallejo, etc.  will be read.

AFS 3059: Islam in African History (3 cr.)
The course explores the centrality of Islam in African history, from the pre-colonial era to present times.  Political events provide the framework while social change epitomizes the impact.  Major themes include the diffusion of Islam, the role of slavery and conquest, women's status and role, the economic frame of Islamization, and the currents political and social challenges.  (Spring)

AFS 3088: History of Modern Nigeria (3 cr.)
This course examines the history of modern Nigeria from 1800 to the present.  The subjects will include the 19th-century political and religious revolutions, the rise of commodity commerce, Christian missionary activity, British imperialism and Nigerian resistance, colonial rule and its political, economic, and cultural aspects, Nigerian freedom struggles, the attainment of independence, political, economic and social developments since independence.  (Fall)

AFS 3092: Women, Religion, and Social Change (3 cr.)
This course will examine the role of women of African descent in various efforts to eradicate discrimination based on race in the western hemisphere.  In particular the course will focus on the socio-cultural effects of religion, slavery and discriminatory laws and customs, and the impact they have upon the role of women of African descent in the western hemisphere.  (Fall)

AFS 3097: African Politics (3 cr.)
This course focuses contemporary politics in continental Africa including: theoretical debates on methodology and contending definitions. It includes case studies of selected African countries with a focus on intricate webs of social relations, political struggles and change, political economy, international relations, colonialism and neo-colonialism.  (Spring)

AFS 3098: Africa in World Politics (3 cr.)
This course focuses on the foreign policies of major African states: their relationships with industrialized countries in Western Europe and North America; their relationships with other developing countries in the Third World; their intra-regional conflicts; and their participation in global affairs through the United Nations and its specialized agencies for the promotion of human rights, economic and social development of the third World nations.  (Spring)

AFS 3112: Africa Discovered Africa and Africans in World History (3cr.)
Despite being the cradle from which all current human societies probably emerged, Africa is still the continent associated with "discovery". This may reflect the prejudices or fantasies of outsiders, but more likely the perception of Africa as the "other," especially in the West. This course covers the major historical periods from early humanity to the present. The main objective is to acquaint students with the process through which the dominant West elaborates and popularizes its vision of Africa and Africans. (Spring)

AFS 3126: Europe and its Empires (3 cr.)
The current postcolonial era is replete with the failure of many political experiences in the Third world, but the phenomenon is better understood by looking at its origins, the colonial state.  The course covers Europe's expansion from the 15th- to the 20th-century and focuses on colonial regimes in America, Asia, and Africa.  Some of the themes discussed are: nationalism, imperialism, assimilation, association, globality, hegemony, indigenity, emancipation, culture, civilization, religion, and race. (Spring)