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AFS 1015: Introductory Quranic Arabic
(3 cr.)
Arabic language instruction at the introductory level.  There are more Arabic speakers on the Africa continent than anywhere else in the world.  More than half of Africans are Muslims and therefore use Arabic in their daily devotions.  (Fall)

AFS 1016: Intermediate Quranic Arabic (3 cr.)
Arabic language instruction at the intermediate level.  Prerequisite: AFS 1015: Introductory Quranic Arabic (Spring)

AFS 1017: Advanced Arabic (3cr.)
Arabic language instruction at the advanced level. Prerequisite:

AFS 1015: Introductory Quranic Arabic (3 cr.) 
This course explores the experiences of Arabic in the original texts while teaching advanced oral and written skills.

AFS 1020: Africa Discovered - Africa & Africans in World History (Freshman Honors Seminar) (3 cr.)
Despite being the cradle of current human societies, Africa is still the continent linked to "discovery," perhaps reflecting the prejudices or fantasies of outsiders; more likely, it suggests an Africa defined as the "other", especially in the West.  The course covers the major historical periods from early humanity to the most recent.  Only open to first-year students by invitation.  (Spring)

AFS 1022: Europeans and Americans through African Eyes (Freshman Honors Seminar) (3 cr.)
Most of the literature about the relations between Africans and Westerners is about the West's views.  Therefore little is known about what Africa and Africans think about Europe.  This is due  in part to the fact that most scholars rely heavily on European and American documents and perspectives. This course addresses the issue of how Africans have viewed Europe and North America through time.  Only open to first-year students by invitation.  (Fall)


AFS 2011: African Performance and Politics (3 cr.)
This course explores performance and narrative in African culture.  Through lectures and performances (live or taped), it will address the historicity of the arts, including the role and status of public intellectuals, the relevance of representation, and the validity of transposition and of translation.  The readings will reflect the innovative multidisciplinary approach.  (Fall)

AFS 2015: African Diaspora in South America (3 cr.)
This course focuses on the peoples and cultures of African descent that have existed on the South American continent.  Particular attention will be paid to this phenomenon as it manifests itself in Brazil. 

AFS 2016: History of Jazz (3 cr.)
The purpose of this course is to develop an understanding of, and insights into, the development of America's great natural resource: jazz. Its musical ingredients will be examined critically through listening and participation.  In addition, rock music, and its differences and relationships to jazz, will be explored.  (Spring)

AFS 2019: Introduction to African Studies I (3 cr.)
This course is an interdisciplinary, historical survey of African societies.  It introduces major African political, social and cultural institutions and events from ancient times to the present.  It aims to facilitate understanding of how African communities have faced the challenges of societal construction; encountered historical disruptions; and continued the process of reconstruction to the present.  (Fall)

AFS 2021: Introduction to African Studies II (3 cr.)
This course provides an interdisciplinary introduction to African historical and societal background in the Americas: the Diaspora; slavery; new social forms: family systems, social, cultural and religious institutions; the political and intellectual struggles for humanity and freedom; and cultural, economic, and political development.  The approach aims for an historical understanding of African American, Afro-Caribbean, and Afro-Latino communities and Africa's constant creativity and contributions to the larger multi-cultural stream.  (Spring)

AFS 2024: Race, Religion and Culture (3 cr.)
The purpose of this course is to examine the complex interplay between race, religion and culture in a variety of contexts in the Western hemisphere.  The course includes practice.  (Spring)

AFS 2025: Urban Sociology (3 cr.)
This course examines the historical development of cities, the socio-economic significance of the metropolis, and patterns of urban growth and decay.  In addition, problems such as gentrification, homelessness, racial and ethnic tensions, fiscal crises and trends in urban politics will be explored.  (Fall)

AFS 2026: Survey of African Art (3 cr.)
A survey of African sculpture and decorative arts from sub-Saharan Africa.  Works will be examined within a cultural and historical context.  (Spring)
AFS 2029: Peoples and Cultures of the Caribbean (3 cr.)
This course examines the people and cultures of the Caribbean during three periods: Pre-Columbian, Colonization, Independence.  Various socio-political movements that erupted during these periods will be analyzed by using different countries as case studies.  Major trends will be noted while paying attention to the unique characteristics of each country used as a case study.  (Fall)

AFS 2037: Stories of the Caribbean (3 cr.)
This course surveys recent writing in English by authors of Caribbean origins.  The themes of the stories and novels are: the African Diaspora; the slave trade; colonial rule; the fight for independence and global identity.

AFS 2080: Modern African History (3 cr.)
A survey of African history from the late 19th-century to the 1960's, this course examines, the abolition of the slave trade and the rise of commodity commerce, European imperialism, African resistance and the imposition of colonial domination. Political, economic and social developments during the colonial period, the emergence of African freedom struggles and nationalism and the recovery of African independence will also be examined.  (Fall)

AFS 2082: History of Ancient Africa (3 cr.)
This course is a survey of African history from the earliest times to 1800.  Themes include the formation of early human communities in selected parts of Africa, the ancient kingdoms and civilizations of Egypt, Meroe, Axum and others, the Sudanic empires and kingdoms, East and Southern African kingdoms, the trans-Saharan trade system, the slave trade and its impact, and political and economic developments to 1800.  (Fall)

AFS 2085: History of Contemporary Africa (3 cr.)
This course surveys aspects of the history of post-independence Africa since the 1950s.  Themes examined include the national independence movements and liberation struggles, nation-building, political ideologies, the party systems, the military in politics, internal conflicts, civil wars, educational, social and cultural developments, neo-colonialism, economic dependency and development, foreign interference through structural adjustment programs, the movement for political change and the future of Africa.  (Spring)

AFS 3009: History & Culture of Senegambia-Senegal, Gambia, & Cape-Verde (3 cr.)
The course focuses on history and society from local and comparative perspectives.  It will be offered in conjunction with a summer trip to Senegal and the Gambia.  (Spring).

AFS 3011: Afro-Brazilian History and Culture (3 cr.)
The course is linked to a trip to Brazil.  Brazil is the largest South American country and harbors a Black population that is the largest outside of Africa, the second largest after Nigeria, and one that is far greater than that of the US.  The course and the trip will cover the rich history of Blacks in Brazil and their interaction with Europeans and Native Americans. The sites of learning during the trip will be churches, museums, shrines, colleges, theatres, etc.

AFS 3013: African and Eastern Music (3 cr.)
This seminar in world music will introduce students to topics and techniques in ethno-musicology.  After an initial survey of the music cultures of the Pacific basin, the musics of Africa, India, China and Japan will be studied in greater detail.  Students will develop a major project based on one of these music cultures.  A museum visit to study musical instruments will be an important component to the course.  (Spring)

AFS 3014: African-American History (3 cr.)
This course surveys aspects of African-American history from earliest times to the present.  The topics include: the African background; slavery and the trans-Atlantic slave trade; Blacks in the colonial period; the Civil War and reconstruction; Black migrations, civil and social rights struggles; and political and cultural nationalism (Harlem Renaissance, the Civil Rights and Black Power Movements).  (Fall)

AFS 3015: Civil War and Reconstruction (3 cr.)
The issues of the era of the Civil War and Reconstruction will be analyzed from the perspective of military, political, and constitutional history.  The complex role of race in the whole era will be evaluated from slavery to the "Re-union" era about 1890.  (Spring)

AFS 3018: Women, the State and Politics in Africa (3 cr.)
This course examines the formal and informal participation of African women in politics, their interaction with the state and their role in society.  Themes will include: the role of women in pre-colonial African society, women's responses to colonial intervention and rule, African women in the independence struggle, in the post-colonial political economy and the military, and women's contemporary political and social activism.  (Spring)

AFS 3023: Racial Oppression (3 cr.)
This course examines the following aspects of U.S. racism:  the role of racism in advancing reactionary domestic and foreign policies; the impact of social and economic policies on the Black, Hispanic, and Native American communities; the racist features of U.S. policies for Latin America, Africa, the Middle East, and the Far East; and the forms of domestic and international opposition to racism.  (Spring)

AFS 3024: Black Nationalism in the 20th Century (3 cr.)
This course examines ideological and organizational expressions of Black American Nationalism in the 20th century.  Themes to be examined include Black economic nationalism, political nationalism, cultural nationalism, the Harlem Renaissance, political radicalism, religious and cultural nationalism, Pan-Africanism, the Black Power movement, revolutionary nationalism and Black nationalism today.  (Spring)

AFS 3028: The United States and Islam (3 cr.)
Al-Islam, a traditional monotheistic religion, has had a difficult interface with modern pluralistic culture in the United States.  This course explores how this situation came to be.  Particular emphasis will be placed on: early western ideas about Islam; immigration; African American Islam; Middle East politics; the media and the impact of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack.  United States social and foreign policy toward Muslims and Islamic countries are also examined.  (Fall)

AFS 3030: Modern South Africa (3 cr.)
This course surveys the emergence of modern South Africa from the mid-19th century to the present.  Topics include: early African societies; Dutch advent; British colonialism and its consequences; African state formation; the mining and industrial revolutions; the Union; African, Colored, Indian and Afrikaner nationalisms; the emergence of the apartheid system; post-apartheid political, economic and social developments; the varieties of resistance to apartheid up to the release of Mandela and the future of South Africa.  (Fall)

AFS 3032: Malcolm X (3 cr.)
The ideological journey of the man who was born as Malcolm Little and died as El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz is the focus of this course.  The course also explores the political and religious contexts in which Malcolm X developed, as a way of understanding political and religious life in the United States during the 40s, 50s and 60s.  (Spring '06)

AFS 3033: The Religious and Political Ideology of Martin Luther King, Jr.  (3 cr.)
The ideological journey of a man who was a central figure in the Civil Rights movement of the 1960s is the focus of this course.  In particular, this course will examine the socio-cultural context and the theological underpinnings of King’s particular form of non-violent direct action.

AFS 3035: Slavery through History (3 cr.)
The course focuses on slavery in a comparative perspective with a particular emphasis on Africa and the Americas, so students understand the differences while assessing the similarities.  Topics discussed include the economics of slavery, the religious, ideological and political justifications, the ethical and legal considerations, women's status and role, and changes in the systems from within and from without.

AFS 3038: Spanish Caribbean Literature (3 cr.)
Texts from Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, and Cuba are studied with special attention to the relationship of the works to their social and political context, and to the region's history of slavery, colonization and decolonization.  This course also includes literary works from some regions of Venezuela, Columbia and Panama, which share some aspects of Caribbean culture and history.

AFS 3041: Harlem Renaissance (3 cr.)
The course discusses the social, economic, cultural and literary significance of the New Negro Movement of the Harlem Renaissance from 1919 to 1929 and the impact it had on the self-defining of black people and the establishment of twentieth century Pan-Africanism.  (Fall)

AFS 3045: The Art of Reading Latin American Poetry (3 cr.)
In this course focused on Latin America, students explore what is a poem and what are the appropriate ways of reading Latin American poets.  Classes begin with a review of the technical devices of poetry, rhythm and metrics, imagery and language, and move on to explore a poem as the rhythmic revelation of intuitive truth.  Major works written by such poets as Gabriela Mistral, Octavio Paz, Claribel Alegria, Luis Pales Matos, Gioconda Belli, Cesar Vallejo, etc.  will be read.

AFS 3059: Islam in African History (3 cr.)
The course explores the centrality of Islam in African history, from the pre-colonial era to present times.  Political events provide the framework while social change epitomizes the impact.  Major themes include the diffusion of Islam, the role of slavery and conquest, women's status and role, the economic frame of Islamization, and the currents political and social challenges.  (Spring)

AFS 3088: History of Modern Nigeria (3 cr.)
This course examines the history of modern Nigeria from 1800 to the present.  The subjects will include the 19th-century political and religious revolutions, the rise of commodity commerce, Christian missionary activity, British imperialism and Nigerian resistance, colonial rule and its political, economic, and cultural aspects, Nigerian freedom struggles, the attainment of independence, political, economic and social developments since independence.  (Fall)

AFS 3092: Women, Religion, and Social Change (3 cr.)
This course will examine the role of women of African descent in various efforts to eradicate discrimination based on race in the western hemisphere.  In particular the course will focus on the socio-cultural effects of religion, slavery and discriminatory laws and customs, and the impact they have upon the role of women of African descent in the western hemisphere.  (Fall)

AFS 3097: African Politics (3 cr.)
This course focuses contemporary politics in continental Africa including: theoretical debates on methodology and contending definitions. It includes case studies of selected African countries with a focus on intricate webs of social relations, political struggles and change, political economy, international relations, colonialism and neo-colonialism.  (Spring)

AFS 3098: Africa in World Politics (3 cr.)
This course focuses on the foreign policies of major African states: their relationships with industrialized countries in Western Europe and North America; their relationships with other developing countries in the Third World; their intra-regional conflicts; and their participation in global affairs through the United Nations and its specialized agencies for the promotion of human rights, economic and social development of the third World nations.  (Spring)

AFS 3112: Africa Discovered Africa and Africans in World History (3cr.)
Despite being the cradle from which all current human societies probably emerged, Africa is still the continent associated with "discovery". This may reflect the prejudices or fantasies of outsiders, but more likely the perception of Africa as the "other," especially in the West. This course covers the major historical periods from early humanity to the present. The main objective is to acquaint students with the process through which the dominant West elaborates and popularizes its vision of Africa and Africans. (Spring)

AFS 3126: Europe and its Empires (3 cr.)
The current postcolonial era is replete with the failure of many political experiences in the Third world, but the phenomenon is better understood by looking at its origins, the colonial state.  The course covers Europe's expansion from the 15th- to the 20th-century and focuses on colonial regimes in America, Asia, and Africa.  Some of the themes discussed are: nationalism, imperialism, assimilation, association, globality, hegemony, indigenity, emancipation, culture, civilization, religion, and race. (Spring)